No link between depression and birth control contraception, says study

No link between depression and birth control contraception, says study

Over the years, various options of birth control have emerged before women, like pills, patch ring, etc. However, most of them have been widely associated with depression. Many women after taking contraceptive pills have complained about the surge of negative and dark thoughts. However, a new study by researchers at the Ohio State University, published in the journal Contraception, is putting women at comfort by highlighting there is no link between depression and birth control pills, particularly among those using progestin-based contraception.

The finding was based on the thorough review of the 30-year body of work on the relationship between progestin-only contraception and depression. With no evidence of depressive symptoms due to progestin-based contraception, many women and teens are feeling safe to use such pills. As around half of the total pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, the study gives a ray of hope for many. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 62 percent of women in reproductive age were using contraception from 2006 to 2010 in the U.S., with most common contraceptive methods being the pills.

Depressive effects of hormonal contraception

In the abovementioned study, Brett L. Worly and his team examined 2,305 studies and recognized 26 that met the inclusion criteria, including 11 cohort studies, 5 randomized controlled trials, and 10 cross-sectional studies. These studies, pulled through Sep. 2016 from PubMed, Ovid and Web of Science databases, covered various contraception methods, including injections, implants and pills.

As per the study, depression is a concern for many women when they are starting hormonal contraception, especially in the case of specific types such as progesterone. The study found no evidence of increased depression in the case of implants. It found a minimal association between progestin-only methods and depression. However, the above finding cannot be generalized due to the availability of contradictory data. The study did not find any evidence of depression among teens using progestin-based contraception. At the end, authors recommended regular screening of depression among women, particularly teens, to avoid negative symptoms due to other factors.

In another study, the relation between depression and combined hormonal contraception (CHC), both estrogen and progesterone, was studied. It found that the majority of women using CHC display no effect or a beneficial effect on their mood, with a low chance of adverse consequences. However, some research in the past have associated contraception with a high risk of depression.

An earlier study, based on data from the Psychiatric Central Research Register and National Prescription Register in Denmark, analyzed more than 1 million Danish women between the ages of 15 and 34 for the duration of 14 years. It was derived that women using hormonal birth control had a 40 percent greater risk of depression after six months than women not using hormonal birth control.

Need for further research

According to Dr. Lidegaard, who studied the relation between depression and birth control on Denmark women, sex hormones like progesterone and estrogen influence women’s mood. Therefore, artificial hormones can also affect their mood and increase the risk for depression. On the contrary, recent studies have highlighted that pregnant mothers and teens are at a risk of depression, but it is not linked to contraception. These studies must not be the end of discussion, In fact, there is a need of more quality research. Although these research were conducted on a large-scale basis, there is room for improvement. It is also important that women have an open discussion with their doctor to determine the contraception option that works best for them.

Considering the increasing risk of depression, there is a need to consult a doctor and take the required therapies for alleviating the mental disorder. In the absence of guidance, a person grappling with depression might neglect his or her condition as stress or tension witnessed due to the daily issues. If he or she is not treated in time, the problem can become far more serious than imagined. If you or your loved one is struggling with depression, contact the Arizona Depression Helpline to locate the best depression rehab centers in Arizona. Call at our 24/7 helpline number 866-233-3895 or chat online to know about the depression treatment programs in Arizona.